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路人@行者

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[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想2印度摩托(24P)  

2011-09-19 08:51:12|  分类: 17道路运输 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
  自工业革命开始,大机器生产的步伐不曾停止,人类的移动速度日新月异。汽车飞机这些钢铁怪兽载着人们在地球上狼奔豕突,交通工具的精密和吨位几乎成为旅行舒适与否的同义词。在“交通,来自世界各地的自制交通工具”的展厅里,你可以感受到来自世界各地“民间智慧”的光芒——这其中包括《[趣闻] 世界各地自制交通工具(1)中国制造(12P)》一文介绍的中国吴玉禄的机器人黄包车、陈顺贵的太阳能汽车和王强的手工飞机。同样,在印度的古吉拉特邦(Gujarat),这里的人数与意大利相等,但与平均两人拥有一辆汽车的意大利不同的是,这里平均每80个人才拥有一辆汽车,资源的匮乏令这里的人们对摩托车进行改造,制造出能够承载15人的新型交通工具,在当地,邻居、朋友,甚至陌生人都能够“搭便车”。由于政府运营的农村交通基础设施在古吉拉特邦几乎不存在,chakdas 几乎解决了各种交通问题,这种使用摩托车和抽水机制作的chakdas 能够运送交易物品、煤气供给或者和小客车一样多的乘客。

[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者  [趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者

India:How to give 15 friends a lift

Across the developed world, arguments rage about how to make car travel more energy efficient. But one fact has by far the biggest impact: on journeys in the US and Europe, on average, most automobiles have fewer than two occupants. Almost everybody in the West, almost all of the time, uses only the front two seats of their car.

[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者The Indian state of Gujarat has the same population as Italy. But where Italians have one car to every two people, Gujaratis share one between 80. Every day, there are enough empty seats in cars on Italy’s roads to carry the entire population of Gujarat twice over. In Gujarat, however, a one-seat motorbike can be made to move as many people as a minibus, once it’s been turned into a chakda.

Sanjay Manibhai Urmania, 36, a chakda builder, estimates that there must be 125,000 chakdas in the area around Gondal, Gujarat. In the absence of reliable public buses or freight, chakdas dominate the transport infrastructure of the Gujarati countryside. They are used for almost everything, from carrying goods to market, to providing fuel supplies, to the local school run.

Build your own chakda

[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者The first thing you need to create a Gujarati chakda is an old Royal Enfield Bullet. This popular motorbike has been on Indian roads since 1949, so there should be plenty of scrapped ones around. You only need the gears, so don’t worry if the engine’s broken; you’re better off using a Greaves Cotton 7.5HP water pump anyway. With a water pump as an engine, a liter of diesel will last over 35 kilometers.

[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者You’re going to need help cutting the Bullet in half, so you could follow the example of the New Shreeji company in Gondal, near Rajkot: organize your siblings, and work as a family production line. The intuitive understanding between the four Shreeji brothers helps them build one chakda every two days.

[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者Scrap merchants can help you get wheels and steel for the chakda’s cart section, but perhaps it’s worth splashing out on specialist parts, available at local workshops. No one is sure who invented chakdas in the late 1960s, but since then a whole industry has grown around them. Just make sure the cart is strong: people expect chakdas to last over 15 years, carrying up to one ton every day.

[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者With transport in Gujarat chaotic, and people relying on cheap, private chakdas rather than government-funded transport, yours could make you 500-800Rs (US$11-18) a day. But with a dozen workshops near Rajkot, each building 10-12 chakdas a month, you’re going to have to make sure that yours really stands out from the crowd. It’s time to get painting.

Brand your chakda

[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者Paint a logo for your chakda workshop that will help it stand out. The symbol above is for Bansidhar, one of 12 rival workshops around Gondal.

Praise Lord Krishna

[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者Show your faith. Most chakda drivers are from the Ahir, Bharwad and Rabari shepherd communities, and worship Krishna’s incarnation as a child shepherd (above).

Ward off evil

81_indian_tricycle_illus11Paint eyes onto your chakda’s headlamps to ward off evil. You can’t get insurance for a chakda, so this is the next best thing.

Honor your kids
[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者If you don’t have your own children to celebrate, paint a picture of someone else’s. The portrait above is of Sejal, Ramesh’s niece; her veil is a mark of respect to her elders.

[趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想(2)印度摩托 路人@行者更多奇妙展品路人将陆续收集,敬请期待。


[时评] 喜马拉雅穿隧道 印度矛头指中国(18P) [趣闻] 世界各地自制交通工具(1)中国制造(12P)
[读书] 开着汽车游中国 美国人感受发展路   [创意] 经典与精彩 10则幽默风趣的汽车广告
[组图] 匪夷所思 看全球18大怪异车库(19P)  [组图] 木制汽车总汇(1)创意无限 速度不亚奔驰
[趣闻] 展望未来概念桥 垂直农场伦敦桥(16P) [组图] 交通周与无车日(上) 欧洲溯源 (下)中国纪实

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