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路人@行者

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[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P)  

2011-09-24 09:19:52|  分类: 17道路运输 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
  比《交通 并不奢侈的梦想》介绍的印度摩托更为简陋的是,肯尼亚人将自行车改造成可载人的自行车出租车“Boda-boda”,五颜六色的车身,还可以漆上当地特色的图案花纹,舒适的座椅和脚踏,甚至还有一个贴心的手把。在这个讲究低碳的时代,身无长物的普通人正在告诉你,交通的本质是成为人类双腿的延伸,而不是另一处贪图享受的避难所。COLORS,一本「探讨鲜为人知的世界各地」的杂志,在上海呈献了名为「交通:来自全球各地的自制交通工具」(Transport:Homemade vehicles from around the world)的展览,策展人恩里科·博桑(Enrico Bossan)说:“我们关注日常生活中的交通工具,呈现来自世界各地的普通人的创意,解决未来的能源缺乏,这是这个展览最为与众不同之处。”在内罗比、蒙巴萨和基苏木忙碌的街道上,自行车被改装成经济、耐用、可爱的boda-bodas,车夫们在每天早晨6点开始新一天的营生,晚上七八点收工回家,“的哥”们每天可以赚到700先令(相当于8美元)。在10世纪90年代的肯尼亚和乌干达边境,甚至有人利用自行车走私、运送货物及人员。

[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
How to survive the cycle of life
Kenya

As I have to live or die, I opted for boda-boda.
Peter Wanyonyi, 26, boda-boda driver, Bungoma, Kenya

China produces 58 percent of the world’s bicycles, and after cheap televisions and tools, bikes are one of the country’s biggest imports to Kenya. They end up on the busy streets of Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu and small towns such as Machakos, where some are then converted into bike-taxis: boda-bodas. “Boda-boda,” a contraction of “border-to-border,” is an expression coined in the 1990s by smugglers, who used their bikes to run goods and people across the border between Kenya and Uganda.
6.00am: The day begins. Splash water on your face. Get ready for the chaos. Reach out for your most-treasured possession: your bike. Check the brakes and the air in the tires. So you’ve been hit four times; it’s no big deal. You’re one of the fastest boda-boda drivers in all of Machakos.
6.25am: Fill the tank: have breakfast. Suggested menu: ugali, a stodgy ball of cornmeal, and a coffee. This will be your fuel until noon.
7.10am: Temperature, 24?C. One foot on the floor, one on the pedal ready to hit the streets. On the corner a lady with a package is looking for transport. So go! Two honks will let her know you’re hers. First passenger: Basma, 58. In the morning traffic a matatu can take half an hour to travel five kilometers, but your boda-boda can do the job in just eight to 10 minutes. It all depends on your legs, boy.
7.30am: Move your ass and start to sweat. Final destination: the marikiti market. Price for this two-kilometer ride: 30 bob (US$0.40). On a normal day you’ll travel about 35 kilometers. It’s like riding the Tour de France four times a year – with someone else sitting on your bike.
9.30am: This is the busiest time of day. Crack on. Pedal hard. Competition is everywhere – there are more than 800 boda-boda drivers in Machakos. A silent war for passengers has spread across the hot asphalt of the city’s streets. So shake off your laziness and get the clients.
10.00am: You’re already feeling tired and your T-shirt’s soaked. Take a sip of water. Pat your pocket. You’ve made 100KSh (US$1.20).
11.00am: Your next passenger is Chitundu, 35, a chef. He asks you to step on it. Go! Go! Go! Dodge the potholes, matatus, that handcart, a tuktuk, those donkeys, two trucks, and the lady with the baby. Run a red light, turn a blind eye and keep going. The police are on the corner. Hope that they don’t stop you; you don’t want to have to bribe them. The recklessness of boda-boda drivers like you has become a national-security issue. Ten percent of fatal road accidents in Kenya involve cyclists. To stop this the government now says you have to wear a helmet, a reflective vest and attend a road-safety course. But why bother? Nobody else does.
12.00pm: Take a break; the sun is at its peak; it’s 34?C. Right now even the lions in the Masai Mara are taking a nap.
3.00pm: Back to work, but these are the dead hours between lunchtime and the evening rush hour. Perhaps it would be better to drive a matatu; you could earn 15,000KSh (US$175) a month. But hey, every month you make 6,000KSh (US$70), twice as much as a teacher makes. Think about your wife and eight kids. It’s not so bad.
7.00pm: Head home. Stop and buy some charcoal so the family can cook tonight.
8.30pm: Clean the bike. Empty the bills and coins from your pockets. You’ve earned 700KSh (US$8). Save half for the house expenses, put the other half under the mattress to keep the bike going. The evening is yours now, but don’t go crazy – this all starts again tomorrow.

[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
The Soundsystem
Cut and weld sheets of metal to make a box. (Watch your fingers.) Fix it to your handlebar with two long screws. Put your battery-powered radio inside.
Cut a circle in the box where the radio’s speaker sits, so that the sound can be broadcast at full volume and unimpeded. Morning customers like to hear the news, while afternoon customers prefer music such as Les Kilimambogo Brothers Band, so don’t forget to cut another small section from the box to allow you to reach the frequency dial. Your radio will transform the rush-hour ride into a far-more pleasant trip.
Stretch a wire from your radio to an antenna fixed on the front wheel. This will link you to the two major Kenyan radio stations: Kiss FM 100 and Easy FM.

[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
The Seat
Go to the local dump. Jump the fence, evade the dog, and try to find several thin steel rods.
Cut and arrange these to create a structure that looks like a small grill. Weld it to the rear axle of your bike. This is going to be the passenger seat and footrest.
A block of wood attached to the grill will be the base for the “cheeky spot” – where the shavu (Swahili for “cheeks”) will comfortably rest.

[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
The Horn
Purchase an air pump and an incredibly noisy horn in the local market. This is not Zurich or Montevideo: here you can honk your horn at will. Don’t be shy. Noisy bikes get the rides.
Attach the pump to the main frame of the bicycle with bits of tire found along the Mombasa-Nairobi highway. Squeeze it in so that it doesn’t interfere with your pedaling.
Fit a length of hosepipe over the mouth of the pump, tape it onto the frame of the bicycle and attach the other end of the hose to the horn. Secure the horn to the front axle with pieces of tire.
Learn the boda-boda horn code:
– Single honk: a friendly greeting to other boda-boda drivers.
– Two honks: you are unoccupied and ready for a passenger.
– Three honks: the girl walking on the sidewalk drives you crazy.
– Extended honk: a shameless f*** you to matatu drivers.
[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
[趣闻] 交通 人类双腿的延伸3自行车的(11P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者


[摄影] 艰险出行孟加拉 亡命奔波火车顶(29P)  [趣闻] 世界各地自制交通工具1中国制造(12P)
[时评] 广东绿道成路网 寻幽揽胜踏新途(13P)  [趣闻] 交通 并不奢侈的梦想2印度摩托(24P)
[组图] 雷牛眩酷斑马线 内牛满面咋穿越(27P)  [收藏] 自行车的历史 曾经是中国的象征
[组图] 不可思议的自行车 最牛 最拽(50P)    [收藏] 时尚新宠__自行车(附 精彩照片)

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