注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

路人@行者

一个散漫的路人,欣赏一路的风景; 一个匆匆的行者,收罗行走的乐趣......

 
 
 

日志

 
 

[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P)  

2014-11-21 23:31:13|  分类: 14国外桥梁 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
  千万不要试图将车开到这些桥上!这些桥梁是由千万年来流水侵蚀岩石逐步形成的一种中间悬空而呈桥状的自然地形。这种自然地形到底属于天生桥还是自然拱?其区别在于:自然拱由岩石构成的,拥有一个自然力形成的孔洞;天生桥呈拱状,但营造该孔洞的自然力为水。自然侵蚀造就了这样一批神奇结构,但侵蚀活动最终将导致结构垮塌。阿鲁巴天生桥就是其中的一个奇迹,海浪侵蚀珊瑚灰岩形成了一座跨度100英尺的天生桥,2005年该桥因侵蚀而垮塌(附近那座跨度较小的桥依然存在),美国有线电视新闻网CNN以《amazing spots to find natural bridges》为题收集整理了世界15座蔚为壮观的天生桥,让我们赶紧一睹为快吧。
  Don't try to drive over these bridges.These rocky natural spans were formed over millennia by the flowing waters of a stream or other water source, which slowly eroded away the rock to create the shape of a bridge.But are they arches or bridges?The Natural Arch and Bridge Society, whose Indiana Jones-like members go hunting for these rock formations around the world, makes this distinction: A natural arch is made of rock, with a hole formed by natural forces, they say. A natural bridge is a type of arch, where water is the natural force making the hole.Erosion created these magnificent structures, and erosion will eventually take them down. One such wonder was Aruba's Natural Bridge, which was first formed by pounding surf eroding its coral limestone. The 100-foot-span gave way and collapsed in 2005. (The smaller Baby Bridge is still standing nearby.)Here are 15 spectacular natural bridges around the world.
  注:上图为路人在贵州黎平拍摄的黎平天生桥,其跨度138.4米,桥宽118米,拱高至水面36.64米,拱顶岩层厚40米;附拱拱跨78米,高28米,宽119米。仅主拱跨度就远大于目前世界基尼斯记录美国犹他州天生桥雷思博桥(跨度88米,高30米),黎平天生桥在2001年1月15日正式获得基尼斯世界之最证书。参见博文《[原创] 天桥虹贯通仙阙 惟撼身在此桥中(10P)》。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者


01、威尔士绿桥,英国;Green Bridge of Wales, United Kingdom
  威尔士驰名景点之一,威尔士绿桥和彭布鲁克郡岩石海岸,是一个国家公园的一部分。在附近,你还可以看到被成为Elegug Stacks的堆栈岩石。据预计,海洋最终会磨损的绿桥并导致中间部分倒塌,形成堆栈。沿着海岸继续欣赏pen-y-holt堆栈的游客应该注意,那时英国陆军管辖范围,必须通过彭布鲁克郡海岸国家公园管理局的组织才可以徒步游览。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
One of the most famous spots in Wales, the Green Bridge of Wales and the rocky Pembrokeshire coastline, are part of a national park. Nearby you can also spot the Stack Rocks, known as the Elegug Stacks in Welsh.Eventually it's expected that the ocean will wear away the Green Bridge and the middle will collapse, turning it into stacks. Visitors who continue along the coast to see Pen-y-Holt Stack should note that it's in a British Army range and must be visited through walks organized by the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park Authority.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

02、艾尔斯天生桥,美国怀俄明;Ayres Natural Bridge, Wyoming
  不是所有怀俄明的荣耀都集中在该州西北部的两个国际著名的黄石国家公园和大提顿国家公园,不知名但很值得参观的雄伟的艾尔斯天生桥位于怀俄明东部。在Casper以东大约40英里,有一座高50英尺,长100英尺、跨越LaPrele Creek的天然桥是这个22英亩的公园的明星。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
Not all the glory of Wyoming is found at its two internationally famous Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks in the northwestern part of the state.Less well-known but worth the visit is the majestic Ayres Natural Bridge in eastern Wyoming, about 40 miles east of Casper. The 50-foot tall, 100-foot-long natural bridge over LaPrele Creek is the star of this 22-acre park.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

03、天然桥国家纪念碑,美国犹他州;Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah
  当空气切入峡谷两岸,同时洪水进一步削弱他们,坐落于犹他州东南角的天然桥国家纪念碑有三座强大的桥梁已经经历了数百万年的“精雕细作”。1908年,该地区被宣布为国家纪念碑;1909年,三座桥梁以霍皮人的名字分别命名为"Owachomo," "Kachina"和"Sipapu"。进一步的侵蚀,使得厚重、强大的Owachomo桥更为精致。它们虽然仍然足够强大,但Kachina桥曾在1992失去了4000吨岩石。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
As streams cut into the canyon walls and flash floods further weakened them, the three mighty bridges at Natural Bridges National Monument in the southeastern corner of Utah were carved over millions of years.The area was declared a national monument in 1908, and the three bridges were given the Hopi names "Owachomo," "Kachina" and "Sipapu" in 1909. Further erosion has made the once thick and mighty Owachomo Bridge more delicate. While still massive and strong, Kachina Bridge did lose 4,000 tons of rock in 1992.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

04、杜邦贞德天生桥,法国;Pont d'Arc, France
  位于法国南部的阿尔代什河上,它与一个世界闻名的景点相邻:圣女贞德的Chauvet洞穴绘画——世界上已知的最古老的洞穴绘画,可追溯到36000年前,1994年发现,同年被评为世界文化遗产。但该地区的自然风光同样是国宝级的。按照1982年的法国国家遗产分类,这个54米(177英尺)长的天然拱门是法国唯一的一座跨越仍然有流水的自然河流的天生桥,这也是一个通往河流峡谷的入口。更多图文介绍参阅博文《[组图] 全球十大神奇的天生桥与自然拱(12P)
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者A natural bridge formed by the Ardeche River in the south of France, the Pont d'Arc has a world-famous neighbor: the Chauvet cave paintings, the world's oldest known such works, which date back 36,000 years.Discovered in 1994, the site was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site this year. But the region's natural beauty is also a national treasure. Classified as a French national heritage site in 1982, the 54-meter-long (177-foot-long) natural arch is the only French example of a natural bridge spanning a still-flowing river. It's also a gateway to the river canyon.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

05、天然桥国家海滩,加利福尼亚;Natural Bridges State Beach, California
  一个著名的天然桥坐落在圣克鲁斯的海滩,这里最为出名的是潮池——去探索退潮和当地季节性的帝王蝶。多达十万只帝王蝶通常在每年十月中旬进入国家海滩的帝王树林,然后在次年一月或二月离开。每年十月都有重大活动来欢迎它们,有关季节性旅游资料可以索取。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
A famous natural bridge anchors this Santa Cruz beach, which is best known for its tide pools -- go exploring at low tide -- and seasonal monarch butterfly residents. Up to 100,000 monarchs typically move into the state beach's Monarch Grove in mid-October, and they depart the following January or February. There's a party in October to welcome them, and seasonal tours are available.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

06、伦敦桥,澳大利亚;London Bridge, Australia
  澳大利亚的坎贝尔港国家公园最著名的十二使徒岩,高耸的石灰岩经受着南大洋的雕刻。海洋仍拍打着这些岩石,但八组岩石仍然有七组尚存。这个离墨尔本275公里的公园还有另一种宝贝:伦敦桥,伦敦桥本来是双拱门,1990年其中一座坍塌,成为一座与海岸没有连接的离岸桥梁(被困在岩石中间崩溃部分的人不得不通过直升机获救)。更多图文介绍参阅博文《[组图] 全球十大神奇的天生桥与自然拱(12P)
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
Australia's Port Campbell National Park is best known for the Twelve Apostles, towering limestone rock stacks carved by the Southern Ocean. The ocean is still working on the rock, with seven of eight formations still standing.But there's another gem in this park about 275 kilometers west of Melbourne: London Bridge, a natural offshore rock span that partially collapsed in 1990 and became a bridge without a connection. (People standing on the rocks were stranded when the middle collapsed and had to be rescued via helicopter.) It's a good idea to stay on the accessible walking paths and scenic drives along the coast.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

07、仙女桥,中国;Fairy Bridge, China
  中国有很多天然桥,包括专家宣称的世界最大跨度的天生桥。仙女桥(仙人桥),位于中国西南部的广西壮族自治区的越南边境附近,跨径400英尺。这座由石灰岩形成的喀斯特桥并不容易测量,2010年,天然拱桥学会成员乘船并和使用激光设备测量了它的跨度,称它是目前世界上已知的最长天然拱结构。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
China has quite a collection of natural bridges, including one that experts say has the longest span of any natural bridge in the world. The Fairy Bridge (Xianren Qiao), in southwestern China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region near the border with Vietnam, has a 400-foot span.Not that the bridge made of limestone karst is easy to measure. Members of the Natural Arch and Bridge Society took a boat to the site in 2010 and used laser equipment to measure the span, calling it the "longest known natural arch in the world, by a wide margin."
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

08、Pravcicka Brana,捷克共和国;Pravcicka Brana, Czech Republic
  汉斯.克里斯蒂安.安徒生在瑞士写波西米亚创作了《冰雪女王》一部分,其中纳尼亚传奇的几个场景指向这里。这也难怪,这个地区现在属于捷克共和国,其童话般的景观是神奇的。去看最著名的象征:Pravcicka Brana,天然桥矗立在波西米亚瑞士国家公园,现在是捷克共和国的一部分。虽然有许多岩石上升在公园里的森林和山谷,Pravcicka Brana是欧洲大陆规模最大的石桥,其跨度27米(约90英尺)、高21米(约70英尺)。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
Hans Christian Andersen wrote part of "The Snow Queen" in Bohemian Switzerland, and several scenes from the Chronicles of Narnia were shot here. It's no wonder: The fairytale landscape of this region, now part of the Czech Republic, is magical. Go see its most well-known symbol: the Pravcicka Brana, a natural bridge standing tall in Bohemian Switzerland National Park, now part of the Czech Republic.While there are many rock formations rising up amid the forests and valleys in the park, Pravcicka Brana is the largest stone bridge on the European continent, with a span of 27 meters (nearly 90 feet) and a height of 21 meters (nearly 70 feet).
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

09、瓦地伦,约旦;Wadi Rum, Jordan
  贝都因部落仍然居住约旦南部瓦迪拉姆保护区的山羊毛帐篷中,这里是720平方公里(278平方英里)的沙漠和荒野。砂岩和花岗岩山脉和峡谷之间的天然桥在这里迎接着你的到来。虽然,游客可以乘坐私家车或徒步旅行探索这个地区,贝都因人社区可以提供基本的吉普车或卡车供旅游使用。如果你想做一个真正的冒险者,可以骑骆驼探索这已区域并在贝多因营地过夜。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
Bedouin tribes still live in goat-hair tents in the Wadi Rum Protected Area of southern Jordan, which is 720 square kilometers (about 278 square miles) of mostly desert wilderness. Among the sandstone and granite mountains and valleys are natural bridges rising up to greet you.Although visitors can take private cars or hike on foot to explore the bridges and the region, Bedouin cooperatives offer tours via basic Jeep or pickup trucks. And if you want a real adventure, book a camel ride to explore the area and overnight in a Bedouin camp.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

10、优鹤国家公园天然桥,加拿大;Natural Bridge at Yoho National Park, Canada
  许多热爱自然的探险者前往加拿大著名的班芙国家公园,这里有高大的山峰、壮观的瀑布,在优鹤国家公园西部还可以发现独特的天生桥。位于加拿大落基山脉西坡的不列颠哥伦比亚省,yoho的确名副其实(一种敬畏、惊奇的克里式表达)。旅行者通过这座天生桥时,仍然可以见证踢马河是如何雕刻这条路的。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
While many nature loving explorers head to Canada's famous Banff National Park, there are tall peaks, amazing waterfalls and a spectacular natural bridge to be found to the west at Yoho National Park.Located on the western slopes of the Canadian Rocky Mountains in British Columbia, Yoho definitely lives up to its name (a Cree expression of awe and wonder). Travelers can witness Kicking Horse River still carving its path through this natural bridge.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

11、阿杰尔的塔西里岩画,阿尔及利亚;Tassili n'Ajjer, Algeria
  这是真实的,阿尔及利亚东南部的阿杰尔的塔西里岩画,1982被命名为世界遗产,是更好地了解15000多幅素描和版画,可以追溯到公元前6000年的图纸记录着气候变化和人类在该地区的生活。但在这片位于撒哈拉大沙漠的边缘、靠近利比亚、马里和尼日尔边境的紧张地区,这一点也被联合国教科文组织网站确认为的天然桥梁和致密岩层被称为“岩石丛林”。“岩石丛林”里的侵蚀砂岩记录着环境变化,标志出主要的气候变化和几千年来的地质变化。水和风形成了这个神奇的像月亮的景观。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
It's true that southeastern Algeria's Tassili n'Ajjer, named a World Heritage Site in 1982, is better known for more than 15,000 drawings and engravings dating back to 6,000 B.C. The drawings record climate change and human life in the region.But tucked away in this tense region at the edge of the Sahara, near the border with Libya, Mali and Niger, this spot was also recognized as a UNESCO site for its remarkable collection of natural bridges and rock formations dense enough to be called "rock forests."The eroding sandstone "forests of rock" document the environmental changes, marking major climate change and geological transformation over the millennia. Water and wind have shaped this magical, lunar-like landscape.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

12、天生桥,弗吉尼亚州;Natural Bridge, Virginia
  长期以来被认为是神圣的摩纳哥人,弗吉尼亚州天生桥是一处英国殖民地最早公认的自然奇观。这座桥是由一条地下暗河的水冲刷而成,暗河倒塌后变成拱状。它甚至有一个著名的主人:1774年托马斯杰佛逊在年轻的共和国建国前从英国国王乔治三世手中购买了周围的土地和桥。作为一个国家历史地标,几个世纪以来其产权一直保持在石桥县的一个私人业主手中,现在该州已宣布计划到2015年底将土地变成了一个公园。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
Long considered sacred by the Monacans, Virginia's Natural Bridge was one of this English colony's earliest recognized natural wonders. The bridge was created by an underground stream flowing through a cave, whose roof collapsed, according to the arch society.It even had a famous owner: Thomas Jefferson bought the surrounding land and bridge from King George III of England in 1774, before the young republic's founding.A National Historic Landmark, the land in Rockbridge County remained in the hands of private owners for centuries. Now the state of Virginia has announced plans to turn the land into a park by the end of 2015.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

13、洞穴入口,古巴;Cueva de los Portales, Cuba
  在古巴西部比那尔德里奥省有一处洞穴入口,它位于La Guira国家公园咽喉之地。caiguanabo河水从桥下流过,同时连通一处地下洞穴,那里是1962年古巴导弹危机时革命领袖切·格瓦拉的藏身之地。目前该地区特别受到爱好观察、研究野鸟的人的欢迎。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
In the western Cuban province of Pinar del Rio lies the Cueva de los Portales, a cavernous area near the Parque Nacional La Guira. The Río Caiguanabo flows beneath a natural bridge, which is connected to a cave that served as one of revolutionary leader Ernesto "Che" Guevara's hideouts during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis. The area is now popular with birdwatchers.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

14、hazarchishma天生桥,阿富汗;Hazarchishma Natural Bridge, Afghanistan
  2010年,当野生动物保护协会的研究人员前往阿富汗并在这个陷入困境的国家进行野生动物调查时,他们发现了一个巨大的天然桥梁,可能是世界上最大的一个。2011年,他们回到位于阿富汗中部高地的hazarchishma天生桥进行测量。这座以当地村庄命名的天生桥高度超过60英尺、跨径超过200英尺,海拔高度超过3000米(约10000英尺)。它是千百年来被干燥的jawzari峡谷内的流水侵蚀形成。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
When Wildlife Conservation Society researchers traveled to Afghanistan in 2010 to conduct a wildlife survey in the troubled country, they discovered an enormous natural bridge that may be one of the largest in the world. They returned to Hazarchishma Natural Bridge, in the central highlands of Afghanistan, in 2011 to take measurements.The bridge, which is named after a local village, is more than 60 feet high, has a span of more than 200 feet across its base and rises more than 3,000 meters (nearly 10,000 feet) above sea level. It was created over the millennia by the then-flowing waters of the dry Jawzari Canyon.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者

15、列克星敦拱,内华达州;Lexington Arch, Nevada
  这是一座天生桥吗?内华达州大盆地国家公园的列克星顿拱实际上就可能是一座桥。有证据表明,很早以前,列克星顿溪河里的水流经峡谷壁的一个洞穴,扩大成现在列克星敦拱。辩论这个问题时你会惊奇地发现许多天生桥是由石灰石而不是砂岩组成的。
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者
Is it a natural bridge? A cornerstone of Great Basin National Park in Nevada, the Lexington Arch may actually be a bridge. There's evidence to suggest that the waters of Lexington Creek flowed through a cave in the canyon wall long ago, expanding the tunnel that's now Lexington Arch. Debate the question as you marvel at one of the few natural arches in the west made of limestone rather than sandstone.
[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者


[原译] 惊叹!世界最壮观的15座天生桥(31P) - 路人@行者 - 路人@行者更多精彩,欢迎继续阅读:
[原创] 天桥虹贯通仙阙 惟撼身在此桥中(10P)
[组图] 全球十大神奇的天生桥与自然拱(12P)
[美图] 美国天桥国家公园Arches National Park
[组图] 神奇天作之合:自然生长的绿色桥梁(14P)
[精选] 爱尔兰神秘古道 童话般黑暗树篱(30P)
[组图] 日本江岛大桥 云霄飞车暴红网络(23P)
[组图] 20座秘境仙桥 将你走进童话世界(22P)
[组图] 惊险!世界最壮观的13座人行桥(28P)

  评论这张
 
阅读(4127)| 评论(116)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017