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[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P)  

2016-12-26 08:53:53|  分类: 03欧洲专辑 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
  廷塔杰尔城堡步行桥,设计跨度72米,距谷底高差28米,桥面宽2.4米。新的大桥要成为景区内的一座纪念碑式的建筑来提升旅游体验,另外大桥还要避免遭受大风天气的影响,预计花费4百万英镑,新桥在现有桥梁的28米上方。廷塔杰尔城堡步行桥设计竞赛TINTAGEL CASTLE BRIDGE DESIGN COMPETITION在2015年6月份开始,2016年3月23日公布了竞赛结果,从136个方案选取了6家入围设计公司,最后来自比利时的专业结构设计事务所Ney & Partners和英国建筑公司William Matthews Associates组成的设计团队赢得了竞赛。

[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

  廷塔杰尔Tintagel是英格兰西南康沃尔的一个小村,沿海风光是这里主要的景色,是英国最知名的遗产之一,每年可以吸引200000游客。它是一个传奇的地方,据说亚瑟王出生在这里并留下了无数故事。廷塔杰尔城堡Tintagel Castle的遗址大多可追溯到13世纪,但近些年的考古发现了更早时期建造的堡垒,让人们愈加相信亚瑟王出生在这里。城堡挺立在岩石半岛的高台上,通过一条陡峭的栈道和桥梁和英国本土相连。


[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

英国遗产组织English Heritage宣布的获胜方案赢得了大多数评委的支持。廷塔哲城堡“与亚瑟王的遗产有千丝万缕的联系,因其原始的品质和空间精神所展现的自然之美而备受历史推崇。”获胜方案受到了廷塔哲城堡和凯尔特历史的启发,由两条悬索和之间的缝隙构成,重新创造了大陆和海岬的土地间的联系,并且呼应了风蚀形成的现有场地。地板由当地的石板材料构成,其质感与钢材的崭新形成了对比,创造出了变换的光影效果以及与周围海滩风景的和谐。项目预计在2019年完成。Laurent Ney是Ney and Partners的管理总监,他说,“我们对于在竞赛中获胜非常高兴,我们相信廷塔哲城堡的参观体验将充满了发现和歧视,所以我们方案最重要的一点是要让场地发言,不能显得过于具有侵略性。”


[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

获奖提案:Ney & Part ners + William Matthews Associates
  廷塔杰尔城堡步行桥基于一个简单的概念 ︰ 重现曾经存在的链接和填补当前的空白,而不是简单的引入这边到那边的“第三者”。Ney & Partners的建议是两个独立的悬臂梁,梁的连接处就好像伸手触摸一样。视觉上,悬臂梁的留空处的纤细填充就犹如留白一般。桥梁的总结构高度为4.5 m,从岩石基础上延伸到中心,结构厚度逐渐变细,最薄处厚度仅170毫米。悬臂梁之间的窄缝象征着内地和岛屿之间,此处和别处之间,现在和过去之间,已知和未知之间、 现实和传说之间的过渡 ︰ 所有这一切让廷塔杰尔特殊和引人入胜。

[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

The Tintagel Castle footbridge is based on a simple concept: to recreate the link that once existed and filled the current void. Instead of introducing a third element that spans from side to side, we propose two independent cantilevers that reach out and touch, almost, in the middle. Visually, the link highlights the void through the absence of material in the middle of the crossing. The structure – 4.5m high where it springs from the rock face – tapers to a thickness of 170mm in the centre, with a clear joint between the mainland and island halves. The narrow gap between them represents the transition between the mainland and the island, here and there, the present and the past, the known and the unknown, reality and legend: all the things that make Tintagel so special and fascinating.


[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

入围提案:Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes + Terrell
  海洋与陆地之间:重新建立岛屿和大陆之间的历史步道。Dietmar Feichtinger Architectes的建议是用线性的结构元件来替代城堡的墙垣和地峡的历史,弯钢箱梁通过不锈钢板被锚固在峡壁上,此结构的原理是打破了人们预期中认识的结构力量,支撑桥面的并不是压缩变小的柱子,而是预应力的不锈钢板,这些细长的结构构件支撑着65米长的桥面,既轻又硬,神奇地发挥了结构构件的最大潜力。这座桥从陆地的一侧,通过倾斜的结构构件摆好姿势延伸至岛边,创造一种结构的差距,呈现对历史回忆的象征和再现了进入廷塔杰尔神圣游行。

[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

Between land and sea ? The new connection re-establishes the historic walkway to the island. Our proposal is a design that replaces the castle’s former wall and historical isthmus virtually, with cables crowned by a linear element – the link. A bowed steel girder is stressed into a horizontal position by stainless steel plates that are anchored in the slopes of the ravine. This structural principle is an inversion of the forces that one would expect for a structure of this kind. Instead of compressed pillars, the bridge is stressed by slender stainless steel plates; pre-stressing means that the 65m-long walkway is both light and rigid. Magically, it uses the maximum potential that is within the structural elements themselves. The bridge is posed on the landward side and it is received by inclined pillars on the island side, providing a structural gap that recalls Tintagel’s symbolism and recreates the processional entrance to the sacred island.


[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

入围提案:Marks Barfield Architects + Flint and Neill, J&L Gibbons LLP + MOLA
  青铜剑:在这丰富而又美丽的景色之中,需要一个强大而又微妙的回应,这座神秘的桥梁是典雅、简约和令人振奋的植根在这片地方。现代技术可以让桥梁的设计达到新细长级别。桥梁材料的选择来自当地丰富的铜矿资源,青铜的扶手和传说中亚瑟王的石中剑有着同一种特性,铜锈的颜色变化和耐久性和周边岩石上苔藓地衣的颜色变化互相映衬着独特的视觉效果。桥面由高大天然石材堆砌的柱子支撑,就地取材更能呼应周边的地质特点。

[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

The Bronze Blade ? The rugged, wild beauty of this rich yet fragile site calls for a robust and delicate response – a bridge that is elegant, efficient, exhilarating and rooted in this spectacular place imbued with mystery. The Bronze Blade is a beam bridge – the oldest and simplest of bridge structures. Contemporary technology enables us to take it to new levels of breath-taking slenderness. The material choice is inspired by the historical significance of the site’s mineral resources; bronze handrails on site and Arthurian legend – the sword Excalibur. The bronze patination will enhance its appearance and durability – creating a visual link to the natural variations in the rock and lichens of the SSSI. The exceptionally tall, slender, twin pillars supporting the bridge are inspired by the dramatic natural stone stack formations and mining chimneys found along the coast. They are striated in coloured, locally sourced, concretes that echo the dynamic seams of the surrounding geology.


[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

入围提案:Niall McLaughlin Architects + Price and Myers
  连接大陆和岛屿的大桥建设提供了一个壮观的方式来解决游客来此参观和领略景观。Niall McLaughlin Architects的提案就是让这种连接的方式尽量简单,经久耐用和加强的整个景点的艺术效果:一座跨越鸿沟的花岗岩石拱桥,联系着岛屿和大陆。拱形的形式是由堆积的石头组成的。并对该场地的砌石堡、墙壁和石地层进行了分析,发现它们分段建造的方式,提高了石头的向心力,并将其高举。桥拱的顶点是200mm厚。它的长细比促进结构的经济性、便于施工和减少在70m的跨度上影响视觉效果。拱的上是细铜栏杆扶手,再现了曾经通往城堡的石径,这座桥应该感觉不言而喻和令人惊叹。

[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

The construction of a bridge linking mainland and island offers a spectacular opportunity to solve the problem of access and to celebrate the landscape. Our proposal makes this link in way that is simple, durable and reinforces the place’s drama: a stone arch of Cornish granite springs across the chasm, seemingly tethering the island to the mainland. The arched form is made of stacked stones. Its segmented construction speaks of the compressive force that holds it aloft, and of the masonry castle walls and stone strata of the site. The apex of the arch is just 200mm deep. Its slenderness promotes economy, ease of construction and minimises the visual impact of the 70m span on this sensitive site. The upper surface of the arch forms a stone path bounded by a handrail of fine bronze balusters that recreates the lost land approach to the castle. It should feel both self-evident and astonishing.


[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

入围提案:RFR + Jean-Fran?ois Blassel Architecte + EngineersHRW + WSP
  海浪之上,石拱桥使人联想到古老的路径和这个地方曾经存在连接岛屿和大陆的岩体的稳固性。花岗岩结构的收缩形式呼应“瓶颈(Din Tagell)”就像这个岛屿的名字一样。使用天然石材,这座桥就是廷塔杰尔的历史的一部分。它无缝地生长的悬崖上,自然的材料与景观融为一体。设计团队是由屡获殊荣法国工程公司RFR和Jean-Fran?ois Blassel Architecte共同领导。Jean-Fran?ois Blassel Architecte是一个总部设在巴黎建筑师团队,其设计展现着简单的结构原理,鼓励让结构去超越它们的主要功能,成为周边建筑的补充。通过EngineersHRW的实践与结构工程精制支持以及WSP提供的环境、岩土工程和施工方面的支持,共同主导了这一设计。

[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

High above the waves, the stone arch bridge evokes the solidity of the ancient pathway and isthmus that once existed in its place. The narrowing form of the granite structure echoes the ‘choke point’, the ‘Din Tagell’, which gave the island its name. Through the use of natural stone, the bridge takes its place within Tintagel’s historical layers. It grows seamlessly from the cliffs, fitting naturally within this dramatic landscape. The design team is jointly led by award-winning French engineering firm RFR and Jean-Fran?ois Blassel. Blassel is a Paris-based architect whose designs are marked by simplicity of function and purity of structural principle, allowing structures to go beyond their primary function and become architectural complements to their surroundings. RFR and Blassel are supported by EngineersHRW, a UK-based practice with a refined aesthetic approach to structural engineering. WSP Parsons Brinckerhoff will provide key expertise with environmental, geotechnical, and constructability issues.


[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

入围提案:WilkinsonEyre + Atelier One
  WilkinsonEyre和Atelier One共同设计的这座桥梁,在一个连续的空间里,强调在一个单跨内设计出轻盈和大胆的感觉。我们所处的现代社会,应该在尽量轻便,对环境干预最少的基础上重新建立一个连接在廷塔杰尔城堡两部分之间。新的连接体寻求不与历史遗迹相抗衡,而是在提高所有的可达性的同时来提高景点的艺术效果。桥梁由橡木和不锈钢制成,该桥的元素是由一系列的小部件,运达现场后在原地组装。桥面铺装是直向的分层组件,边缘通过穿孔和中心相固定,凸显其线性和细长的效果。这种分层的灵感来自于在场地上的令人惊讶的石板材料构成,它代表时间的以物理的方式呈现。

[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】
[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】

WilkinsonEyre and Atelier One have designed a bridge, with uninterrupted space below, which emphasises a feeling of lightness and daring in a single span. Our modern, light touch intervention uses minimal foundations to recreate a connection over the narrow isthmus between the two parts of Tintagel Castle. It seeks not to compete with the historic remains, but rather serves to enhance the site’s dramatic nature while improving accessibility for all. Constructed from oak and stainless steel, the elements of the bridge are made up from a series of small components that are wheeled to site by hand and assembled in-situ. The bridge deck is straight and relatively narrow with stratified components, solid in the centre and perforate at the edges, accentuating its linearity. This layering is inspired by the striking abundance of slate at the site – the layering of the material representing a physical reminder of the passing of time.


[创意] 桥梁竞赛作品赏:廷塔杰尔步行桥(38P) - 彭立【 路人@行者】更多精彩,欢迎继续阅读:
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